Monthly Archives: May 2012

What is a sonnet?

A sonnet is a form of poetry that originated in Europe, mainly in Italy. The poet Giacomo de Lentini is credited with the invention. A sonnet is a poem written in a certain format with distinguishable characteristics.

Sonnets have 14 lines broken down into four sections called quatrains. The rhyme scheme of a sonnet is ABAD, CDCD, EFEF, GG. Sonnets are written in iambic pentameter, which is a poetic meter with 10 beats per line of alternating unstressed and stressed syllables.

Each quatrain progresses in the poem as follows: 

First quatrain: This should establish the subject of the sonnet.

Number of lines: 4. Rhyme Scheme: ABAB

Second quatrain: This should develop the sonnet’s theme.

Number of lines: 4. Rhyme Scheme: CDCD

Third quatrain: This should round off the sonnet’s theme.

Number of lines: 4. Rhyme Scheme: EFEF

Fourth quatrain: This should act as a conclusion to the sonnet.

Number of lines: 2. Rhyme Scheme: GG 

Here is an example of one of Shakespeare’s best known sonnets.

 Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?

Thou art more lovely and more temperate.

Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,

And summer’s lease hath all too short a date.

Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,

And often is his gold complexion dimmed;

And every fair from fair sometime declines,

By chance, or nature’s changing course, untrimmed;

But thy eternal summer shall not fade,

Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest,

Nor shall death brag thou wanderest in his shade,

When in eternal lines to time thou growest.

So long as men can breathe or eyes can see,

So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.

First quatrain

Shakespeare establishes the theme of comparing “thou” (or “you”) to a summer’s day, and why, to do so, is a bad idea. The metaphor is made by comparing his beloved to summer itself.

Second quatrain

Shakespeare extends the theme, explaining why even the sun, supposed to be so great, gets obscured sometimes, and why everything that’s beautiful decays from beauty sooner or later. He has shifted the metaphor. In the first quatrain, it was “summer” in general, and now he’s comparing the sun and “every fair,” every beautiful thing, to his beloved.

Third quatrain

Here the argument takes a big left turn with the familiar “But.” Shakespeare says that the main reason he won’t compare his beloved to summer is that summer dies, but she won’t. He refers to the first two quatrains — her “eternal summer” won’t fade, and she won’t “lose possession” of the “fair” (the beauty) she possesses. So he keeps the metaphors going, but in a different direction. And for good measure, he throws in a negative version of all the sunshine in this poem — the “shade” of death, which, evidently, his beloved won’t have to worry about.

Fourth quatrain/Couplet

How is his beloved going to escape death? The answer is in Shakespeare’s poetry, which will keep her alive as long as people breathe or see. This bold statement gives closure to the whole argument. It’s a surprise.

A Brief History of Greek Literature

Few literary traditions have been as influential to Western society as Greek literature. From the works of Homer to the musings of Aristotle, ancient Greek literature forms the foundation of Western thought. Greek literature and thought has continued to influence Western society, as the conquests of Alexander the Great and the Roman Empire spread Greek thinking throughout the Western world. The Greek literary tradition is deep and rich, with a profound impact felt throughout all civilization. 

Preclassical Era

Greek literature traces its roots to the preclassical period, beginning around 800 B.C. The great poets, Homer and Hesiod, worked during this time period. Homer’s two great works, the “Iliad” and the “Odyssey,” are the foundation of Greek literature. These two epic poems set the tone, scope and form for Greek literature for centuries to come. 

Classical Era

The classical era of Greek literature was an explosion of forms, ideas and techniques that have formed the basis of Western literature. The classical period is particularly noteworthy for the emergence of Western philosophy and the invention of drama. Socrates, Plato and Aristotle, the three great philosophers of ancient Greece, lived during the classical period. These three Greeks have had an immeasurable impact on the development of civilization. Socrates is notable for being the muse of Greek philosophy, the original thinker who inspired all who followed after him. His teachings are preserved in many of Plato’s “Dialogues.” Plato was a student of Socrates who went on to found the Academy of Athens, the first institution of higher learning. Aristotle was himself a student of Plato’s; his status is such that he is often simply called “The Philosopher.” He composed many of the bedrock works of Western literature, including “Physics,” “Metaphysics,” “Politics,” and more.

Greek drama also had its own trio of giants - Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides. These three playwrights are the only dramatists from the classical age whose works have survived. They are widely considered to be the equal of Shakespeare. Their works, including “Agamemnon,” “Antigone” and “Medea,” are the forerunners of modern drama and are still studied and performed today.

Hellenistic Era

By the conquest of Greece by Phillip II and later by Alexander the Great, the influence of Greek literature had begun to spread around the world. Poetry was the main literary product of the Hellenistic period, with the trio of Theocritus, Callimachus and Apollonius leading the way. Theocritus invented the pastoral poem, while Apollonius is famous for his “Argonautica,” the story of Jason and the search for the Golden Fleece. Callimachus worked at the Library of Alexandria and is famous for his “Aetia,” an elegy exploring the origins of many things. Callimachus was also the model for the Roman poet Ovid.

Greek literature has a storied history, full of towering names and prominent works. The history of Greek literature is in many ways the history of Western literature as a whole. The world owes Greece a great debt for its contribution to the development of human civilization.

Metaphysical Poetry

We can  reach our own realizations of this wondrous phenomenon of endurance (aspects) as we begin to understand and believe that creation is held  by eternal structures, thousands of angels have guardianship over these eternal points of existence that remain guarded and protected.  These aspects are real notions that descend into the world allowing us to be fulfilled with facets rich with meaning. Keeping one level of focus allows us to excel and meditate on one aspect of our life that is guarded. Reaching out to another   is a passage in time, this passage in time is a new journey that brings us to a shift in stimuli and  allows integrating one or more aspects into a new reality. This new position  of  complex interactions that is integrated into a novel whole, is a  transformation that leads us  to a new state that is  filled with new energy that we must experience in a new light.  The  way forward is paved by our  endeavours and finding the light in new aspects of ourselves. Great structures, such as planets and stars  hold constant eternal vibrations which are unique and are guiding interactions with other great structures according to position and distance between, creating a new form of  existence called an aspect. This  influences the state of the world and the  way we are influenced by creation.

Beasts of the Forest, God Up Above

Using an ancient language of correspondences, we can touch upon Angels and guardianship, planets and their positions, understanding a  truth ancient by deciphering ourselves, we understand that creation is set by eternal principles that hold our hopes as we are encouraged by  a supreme guardianship  to progress in our journey.

Through sacred words  which unravel, a secret code which describes everlasting truths that vary in  time  influence and frequency , we can envision   a spectrum of ideals  that we must reach for. Striving  for a perfect existence fill our mind and hearts. We progress in our spiritual development in that moment in time  in which we are aware of the spiritual light that guides us and understand it denotes an eternal life existing within each one of us. These constructs that are established by sacred truths, are representing an infinite range of possibilities creation is supported by pillars which are also aspects of the possibilities of existence, angels remain as guardians protecting the heavens and the earth. Realizing our own abilities is  allowing us to connect to the planets and stars  and be touched by angels and chariots that carry our hopes and guard us. Each containing aspects of perfect states guiding,  guarding suspending and holding  as enduring constructs of faith.

PLAYFUL ANGELS

Remembering that we have many  systems that emulate information on various levels remembering that energy levels fluctuate in each world we can transverse through worlds through recollections of previous worlds. As a gas gage is our subconscious as our  mind tells us of our own progress.

  Relating in new ways , allows us to exchange energy within our system of existence, and perceive and touch upon,  creative channels as we pick up different vibrations that we have integrated into our own daily living. Our own creative understanding relates to our responses…and the feedback we get from our own Godhead.

NEW AGE THOUGHT OF THE DAY

Our last pull our last push our last thrust into entering a new age of our own development, is now. Leaping beyond our own realm of existence through thoughtful meditation allows us to feel new vibrations which can compensate our losses. Filling up, with new energy as new hopes allow us to make brave decisions critical steps transformed as love permeates our hearts and minds. Transforming self is a critical step in which we acknowledge the vital responsibility we must take in our own development. As real lasting change is directly dependent on our own understanding, of our needs in relation to the world, as meditations allows us to connect to our God our guardians and our angels and be in touch with our inner world.

Welcome to Msefler-inspiration.net

Daniela  is a metaphysical poet, songwriter, radio broadcaster. Her work is esoteric drawing on ancient writings to convey a message of hope and survival, highlighting nature and creation. Focusing and harmonious aspects of creation she inspires us with healing facets of our existence as related through ancient studies. She has fifteen published compilations of poetry, and is the host of the Poetry and Transcendence Radio show, and a book reviewer of metaphysical titles and a holistic coach.